Category Archives: Tips

Wood cladding wall exterior

What type of timber cladding? Choosing the right wood cladding wall exterior

In Europe, timber construction is becoming increasingly popular among investors, architects, and contractors. However, there are still many mistakes made when building wooden structures. In order to avoid them, it is enough to follow the most important recommendations of specialists in the industry, and in case of doubt, seek the help of a professional. Below you can find the most important information about the wood cladding wall exterior.

What determines wood cladding system durability?

The strength of our façade depends primarily on the thickness and profile of the panels. The most common profile is a rectangular plank 16mm thick and up to 150mm wide. Planks with rim, imitating a wall made of solid logs, have more varied cross-sections. Typically, boards with rectangular and diagonal cross-sections, as well as bevels, are assembled in an overlapping pattern, so that the top board overlaps the bottom board. All sharp edges and chamfers on the board should be gently rounded because they like to peel, which in turn leads to damage to the paint and moisture penetration into the board.

In the case of wood cladding wall exterior, the boards should keep the outer surface. The impregnate is better absorbed by the surface that has not been sanded, creating better protection against harmful weather conditions. The wood panels should be fastened open side facing outwards.

How to choose the length of wood boards?

Softwood façade boards are available in lengths up to 4.8m. Hardwood planks are available in sizes 2-4 m. Tropical timber cladding, on the other hand, can usually be purchased in sizes from 2.1 to 4.2 m. The length of the boards’ influences what architectural solutions using timber cladding can be implemented.

Wood cladding wall exterior – which type to choose?

Horizontal siding

For wood cladding wall exterior, it is best to use horizontal siding. There are several ways to do this: overlapping, flange overlapping, open joint and tongue and groove.

The width of the boards should not exceed 150 mm, and the width of the overlay should be at least 25 mm. 25 mm. It is recommended that a gap of about 2 mm should be kept between the boards to prevent warping.

An open joint is formed by maintaining a gap between the individual façade boards. In this case, parallelogram planks are used, but the plank profiles can vary.

An open façade does not provide adequate protection against the weather and UV rays. To protect the layers under the open façade, use the wooden panels with partially chamfered longitudinal edges. Keep an open joint between the boards, i.e. 8-15 mm distance between the chamfered edges of the boards. This will reduce the harmful effects of sunlight.

For tongue and groove boards, do not use boards wider than 125 mm and the tongue length should be min. 10 mm. There should be a 2mm gap between the boards. Rounded or chamfered edges will prevent water from getting onto the surface of the cladding. Always install the boards with the tongue facing up.

Diagonal siding

The diagonal boards are laid at a 45 degree angle and fixed to a vertical grid. Two systems are used for board cladding: overlapping joints and tongue and groove joints. The same rules apply as for horizontally laid boards.

Vertical siding

Plank cladding installed vertically has three systems: overlapping, tongue and groove and board-on-board.

Vertical siding usually requires two perpendicular grids, one vertical and one horizontal. The vertical grid is placed on the wall first to ensure proper ventilation under the cladding. The horizontal grid attached to the vertical grid is the base for the wooden cladding.


Exterior Wooden Cladding

Is an exterior wooden cladding a good idea?

Exterior wooden cladding, once associated only with traditional country cottages, are now back in favor in modern and stylish architectural designs. What are the characteristics of a wooden facade and what should we pay attention to when choosing one?

Wood cladding panels: what makes them special?

Wood is a unique material – properly finished and properly impregnated it is resistant to changing weather conditions, fungi and insects. Wood is also relatively easy to install and insulates heat very well.

Exterior wooden cladding are valued for their unique appearance – they give buildings charm and coziness. It is a natural and ecological material that harmonizes with nature. Contrary to popular belief, it is not reserved exclusively for classic style buildings. Wood fits perfectly into the modern style and an interestingly designed building, combined with a wooden facade, looks extraordinary and fashionable.

What kind of wood is best for timber cladding?

If you’re considering a exterior wooden cladding, it’s a good idea to find out which species of wood will perform best. The choice of the right material affects, among other things, the durability of the project, resistance to weather conditions, but also the visual effect.

The most popular wood species for facades are among others:

  • Siberian larch – distinguished by its durability, resistance to weather and fungi. Planks made of it have colors ranging from golden honey to brown-red.
  • Meranti – exotic wood, which is easy to process and dries quickly. In case of exterior elevations it is valued for its strength and resistance to fading and abrasion. It comes in colors ranging from light gray-brown to dark red-brown.
  • Red cedar – this tree grows in subpolar climates, so boards made of it are resistant to difficult weather conditions and moisture. It insulates heat perfectly, and thanks to the oils contained in its cells, it retains a long service life – even without the application of preservatives. They are colored from beige to dark brown.

Other popular and appreciated wood species for facade include Scandinavian spruce, tatjuba and okoume.

What to remember: exterior wooden cladding

Choosing the right wooden facade has an impact not only on visual effect, but also on its durability. Exterior cladding Manchester should last for many years, so wood must be resistant to harsh weather conditions, such as high and low temperatures, moisture, water, but also fungi and insects. Proper impregnation is of course crucial.

Equally important is the visual effect, so when you decide on a facade made of wood, think about the choice of color or width of the boards. Match it to the design and style of the building so that it complements it and is consistent with the interior design of the home.


ceramic worktops cost

How Much Do Ceramic Worktops Cost?

Have you ever wondered whether price for ceramic worktops exceeds that of granit and quartz?

Although all furniture in the kitchen must be made of high quality materials, a worktop should have the highest resistance. After all, we work on them almost every day, preparing meals, coffee, pouring drinks etc. Currently, various materials are used in the production of kitchen worktops, but ceramics deserve special attention. But how much do these sophisticated ceramic worktops cost?

Ceramic worktops for kitchens

Among all the materials used in the production of laboratory worktops, ceramics is considered the best. Ceramic worktops are suitable for the most extreme conditions, with excellent resistance to chemical cleaning products and very high temperatures.

The lack of sensitivity to chemicals makes it possible not only to work freely in the kitchen, but also to maintain a high level of hygiene in the worktop. Ceramics is a non-absorbent material, therefore it is easy to remove any dirt and discolouration from its surface. What is important, even prolonged contact with cleaning agents does not change the structure of the worktop surface.

Ceramic worktops cost – can the great functionality and interior fit excuse the price?

The kitchen worktop made of ceramic tiles offers many possibilities of colour and pattern combinations. A wide range of colours allows you to create a variety of design effects, such as harmonious adjustment to the rest of the kitchen equipment or the combination of individual elements on the basis of contrast. Depending on our preferences, we can also opt for a matt or glossy finish. However, high aesthetic values are not the only advantages of ceramic worktops. They are easy to clean and care for and resistant to scratches that occur during everyday use of the equipment.ceramic worktops cost

Appropriate dimensions will make the worktop functional and the preparation of meals on it – comfortable. Its width should be about 60 cm and its length should be 80 cm. You can also adjust the ceramic worktop to your height, determining its height 15 cm below the crook of the elbow.

So, how much do ceramic worktops cost?

In order to receive a near exact price for ceramic worktops cost, you would have to contact specialists. I highly recommend Polish Granite LTD. I’ve corresponded with them before regarding many stone worktops and they’ve been very helpful, but most of all, informative. Their knowledge is great and they are the true experts when it comes to price. I would say it all depends entirely on the type and size of your kitchen, the material you choose and your specific demands.

Ceramic materials are industrially manufactured, but unlike quartz, ceramic worktops are 100% natural. The production process of ceramic worktops is more complex and time-consuming, resulting in higher prices. As a result, the ceramic worktops cost can be really steep. The following page is a blog that Polish Granite released of late. It is a step-by-step guide to their Online Quote calculator which in a matter of 5 minutes can generate your ceramic worktops price. I think having a go at this will be able to define your question, because like I mentioned above, it all depends on the material you choose and the size of your individual kitchen.ceramic worktops cost

As a general rule of thumb though, ceramic worktops usually start at 350 pounds per square meter, so they are about 20% more expensive than granite or quartz worktops. Please note, however, that the prices of materials are subject to constant fluctuations, so it is advisable either to contact the kitchen worktop manufacturer or suppliers directly, and enquire about the correct prices.

Choosing the right kitchen worktop has a huge impact on the comfort of daily use of this space, but also on the aesthetic reception of the interior. Ceramic worktops, which are characterised by high resistance to scratches, stains and high temperatures, are becoming more and more popular. Their final price and properties depend, however, on the selected tiles, the quality of workmanship and the finish of the entire worktop.

stone floors

Frequent mistakes in laying stone floors

Stone floors look very impressive, but their proper execution requires appropriate knowledge, experience and equipment. Unfortunately, the lack of any of the above factors often leads to making mistakes, which may cost us dearly. Those that happen most often during the installation of stone tiles are discussed in the further part of the article. Are you interested in them? We invite you to read more!

  1. The use of equipment adapted to the cutting of ceramics, while it is necessary to use saws and diamond blades, which allow smooth and even stone cutting. They are expensive and their type should be chosen according to the type of stone used, because only then can the intended effect be achieved..
  2. Application of adhesive and joint mortars with cement slurry in a set with a stone made of acidic rock. Their contact may cause an indifference reaction and lead to unsightly stains on the surface of the stone, which cannot be removed in any way. Therefore, a person who specialises in flooring should know the acidity of stones and choose adhesives and grouts to match them.
  3. Laying stone tiles on dry concrete ground, which significantly prolongs the whole drying process.
  4. Hurry during work, accompanied by the lack of control over the equality of the floor with the use of a spirit level and easy two-metre long. Neglecting to do so can make the floor look bad.
  5. Too fast jointing, which should be done only after the adhesive has dried well. It is best to wait a week, but in the meantime care for the floor by pouring water on it when the joints are not filled.
  6. Failure to verify that the tile adheres to the ground with its entire surface (this can be checked by tapping – when the tile makes a deafening sound, it means that there is a free space between the tile and the ground). Of course, not adhering to a tile does not have to result in it cracking or falling off right away, but this problem should be eliminated as far as possible.

Natural light – light up your rooms

Natural light and design

Home interior design and space arrangement are really important things. They can make our lives much easier of much more troublesome. Everything in reality depends on the fact how we choose to arrange available to us spaces, what colours we choose, what furniture etc. let’s not forget about the inner power of details – they can make all the difference as well. There’s actually no surprise in the fact that spaces play such a  huge role in our lives – after all we’re the creatures of senses and body , we experience the world through our surroundings, and space is one of the most important things in it.

Spatial dimensions aren’t uniform. they are composed of multiplicity of factors that shape them and as result shape our perception of the world as well. Natural light is one o the most interesting aspects of spaces. Although, it’s an actual physical barrier or a limit that creates boundaries for our physical bodies it can heavily influence the way we feel and live our lives. Natural light has the power to optically change spaces and our impressions of them. Think for example of poorly lit interiors where we actually start feeling claustrophobic and crammed. Than, consider brightly lit rooms of the same size as the former ones and they definitely make completely different impressions. Keeping in mind this inner power of natural light let’s think of home design.

Bright interiors

Home interior design is pretty well aware of the fact how a given light can change our perspective of rooms and spaces. Natural light is particularly valued here – after all it’s natural and as such the most comfortable for our eyes. It’s not too bright, yet it gives off plenty of light. It’s not too dull, and it doesn’t make things smaller. Natural light is a blessing for our eyes and home interior designer know it. Therefore, it’s not a surprise that modern interiors are very often brightly coloured and have huge windows. Panoramic windows allow natural light to come in and light up the spaces. Contemporary home design makes perfect use of the advantages of such natural light.

Modern homes and flats are therefore very spacious, there’s no place that’s crammed or chaotically organised. Huge windows let in sunny light and make everything look simply great. Modern designs are really stunning. They definitely draw attention and people who’re living there feel at home and at ease. It’s really comfortable and convenient to live there. Therefore, it’s best to make full use of such spaces and enjoy the natural beauty of our world.

Plywood ideas

Plywood ideas – refresh your home

Plywood ideas – sample plywood objects

Plywood is an all-purpose building material, which can have various types and applications. Depending on the qualities of particular plywood you can find a lot things made of plywood. You can have softwood or hardwood plywood (here the differences are obvious, they are more or less hard), aircraft plywood, flexible plywood or purely decorative plywood. Consequently, you can find plywood in multiplicity of places, for example – in roofing or subflooring, planes interiors, in all kinds of cabinetry, furniture or fixtures, and as kinds of decorations and everyday use objects. There are many advantages of using plywood as your building material. No matter the kind of plywood, it’s known for its high durability and strength (especially the flexible one can bend easily and withstand a lot of forces), it’s relatively inexpensive, especially when compared to boards made of full wood and it’s easy to mold and design.

Plywood on a kitchen countertop

Plywood can make really interesting homeware. Due to its qualities it can be fitted in all kinds of possible designs and be bent and molded into various shapes. Imagine for example kitchen clock fitted into plywood frame, or plywood memo board that can be hanged over the kitchen table, steam bent hanger for coats and jackets made into unusual protruding shapes or plywood frames for pictures or mirrors. The possibilities here are endless. Plywood applications are many and more. All depends on designers ideas and imagination. What’s particularly interesting, is the fact that plywood homeware can add your home a touch of warm welcome. Wooden appearance gives and air of cosines and warmth. It’s particularly good for sterile and sleek modern day kitchens. To warm them a little bit and add life it’s best to set plywood decorative elements against clean cut granite countertop.

Only imagine heavy granite countertop, dark and solid in the center of your kitchen. Standing there alone it’s just too overwhelming and bold. To minimize its stunning power just set a few items of plywood on the very top. In this way you can make it less overpowering and more inviting. Small things can really make a difference.

Quartz jewellery

Quartz jewellery – enjoy the beauty

Quartz qualities

Quartz is a mineral that is made of silicon and oxygen. Usually it takes the form of quartz crystal. However, it isn’t its only form. It takes many shapes and kinds depending on the formation process. It is very popular mineral, which can be easily found. It’s second most abundant mineral in the Earth’s layers. What are its qualities? First of all, quartz comes in a variety of colours, common colours are crystal white, grey, purple or yellow. Second important quartz feature is its relative hardness. It’s not the most hard mineral but still it’s in the upper range. It’s also completely non-porous which means it doesn’t absorb liquids. Quartz comes in a variety of forms and shapes.

Quartz applications

Quartz due to its distinctive qualities has many uses. Its applications are for example glass making, gemstones, quartz based watches and computer parts. Other very typical quartz applications are quartz worktops and countertops. Quartz is an easy mineral to engineer. Engineered surfaces are gaining momentum now and find a lot of uses. They are highly popular because they use both natural strengths and inherent qualities of quartz and through careful engineering these natural qualities are enhanced and visibly strengthened. Quartz jewellery is another interesting application.

Quartz jewellery

Quartz crystals are truly beautiful. Their translucent colours and veining make them perfect for jewellery applications. Their inherent beauty and uniqueness for ages have inspired artists around the globe to make beautiful things. Quartz was especially popular in Eurasia during the ancient times, where it was frequently used for making bracelets, pendants and other pieces of jewellery. In today’s world it also frequently appears in earrings, necklaces and other pieces of decorative art. Thanks to quartz durability it’s an easy material to work on. It comes in a variety of cuts and forms. What you need to do is to simply cherish its stunning beauty.



Gneiss – the building stone

When we decide to choose gneiss as a building stone, it is important to consider aspects such as resistance to changing temperatures, non-slip surface, variety of thicknesses and sizes, universality of use and high resistance to wear. Gneiss has all these qualities and therefore it is perfect for both interiors and exteriors.

Windowsills made of gneiss

Resistance to changing temperatures and atmospheric conditions makes gneiss a perfect material for making windowsills. Temperature amplitudes or frequent rain can do it no harm. Moreover, gneiss is resistant to cracking and breaking. It is sold in the form of big slabs. Their shape is unique, irregular and so are their colours.

Gneiss – properties

Gneiss is a metamorphic rock and its composition is similar to that of granite. Its characteristic feature is directional texture, and most often sandy granulation. Gneiss is characteristic because of its hardness and unique, shiny surface. Gneiss slabs can be broken, cut and formatted. Compositions made of this stone produce inimitable and original mosaics. Availability and resistance of this stone allow for obtaining it in the form of big slabs. This makes installing it on big surfaces (such as worktops or driveways) easier. Moreover its qualities make it perfect for different compositions.

Gneiss – other applications

The properties of gneiss presented above make it a material of choice for building terraces and housings of concrete fireplaces. Resistance to heavy weight makes it a recommended product for driveways and floorings. It is also used for building stairs, especially outside the buildings. This type of gneiss is called elevation gneiss. Gneiss for making walls and fences is called wall gneiss. Owners of houses can use gneiss for the driveway and use the same stone for the fence. Those who have smaller budget or prefer minimalism, can consider choosing gneiss for the interior, for instance for the living room. A fireplace housing made of gneiss provides elegance and style. Each fireplace owner will confirm, that the fireplace is only half of the story and that it is the housing that gives the fireplace its ultimate look. Gneiss too will be perfect for this purpose.

Stregovia granite

Stregovia granite

Stregovia granite – the favourite stone of urban architects

Not many of us know, that the Palace of Science and culture as well as Sigismund’s column have been made of granite. These heritage sites were built mainly of Stregovia granite.

Stregovia granite – the treasure of Sudety

Stregovia granite is mined from Sudety block, precisely from Strzegom-Sobótka massif. We can say that Sudetian Foreland has a hidden treasure, which is characterized by a light grey colour and phaneritic structure. The holocrystalline and non-directional texture is made mainly of quartz, plagioclase and biotite. The exceptional charm of the stone is the effect of pegmatite bodies and streaks made of dark materials. Stregovia granite is known as pegmatite and its derivatives. The foundation of western part of Poland is made of this rock, precisely Sudetian Foreland, Równina Świdnicka and Wzgórze Strzegomskie. This stone was mined for many years in the quarries. It is estimated, that this stone is approximately 280-290 milions of years old. Stregovia granite had been formed during the Variscan orogeny.

Cities made of granite

In Poland numerous buildings, pavements and train stations had been made of Stregovia granite. Apart from the earlier mentioned heritage sites, this material can be found in the architecture of train stations of Polish State Railways in numerous cities, for instance in Zabrze or Katowice. Central Railway Station in Warsaw was also built of granite and the Warsaw underground too. The size of these objects demonstrates wide availability and relatively small price of Stregovia granite. It is important to add, that the majority of monuments have been erected from this material. The Monument of the Aviator and the Monument of Liberty have been made of it. In Kraków we can also find numerous proofs for a wide use of this type of granite. The Monuments of Władysław Jagiełło, Wyspiański, as well as Pomnik Grunwaldzki are artworks of sculptors, who have decided to use this material. Old towns in Poland are also full of Stregovia granite – this pertains to Kalisz, Legnica, Wrocław or the aforementioned Kraków. Other well-known and admired architectural landmarks made of this stone are Port Północny in Gdańsk and Piłsudski Square in the capital. In Warsaw the big residential complex: Marszałkowska Dzielnica Mieszkaniowa is characterized by a wide use of granite.

Flat equipment

Flat equipment

Purchasing flat equipment

Creating a flat that has both esthetic value and is of high quality allows the owners to avoid additional renovations for short time after finishing it. Creating a flat one can decide to go for more classic and at the same time modern style. Currently, it is much more popular to choose modern style which is a result of a fact that this style lets one to gain much more freedom in the aspect of free space and is popular among modern architectural designs regarding the utility space.

While arranging the flat, choosing a modern style may lead to reduced time spent on buying building materials for this style does not require a great deal of decorative elements. On the other hand, choosing a classic style will result in more cozy interiors.

Proper materials

Because of their quality and durability, in different rooms different kinds of materials are to be chosen. In case of both kitchen and bathroom the materials have to be selected to cope with conditions present in these rooms like water and especially in the form of steam. To such noteworthy materials belong stone worktops.

Materials like granite worktops work well both in classic and in modern interior and therefore one can gain an interior that is more esthetic or is more convenient to clean. On the other hand keeping the kitchen clean is especially important since it is a place where the food is kept and meals are prepared.

Adjusting equipment to kitchen

In kitchen it is essential to use materials that are not only highly resistant to water but also to chemical substances that are used for cleaning and keeping the kitchen pure. As a consequence it is possible to obtain kitchen equipment that will last for much longer and therefore will lead to saving up some money that would normally be spent on replacing certain kitchen elements during renovations.

While purchasing kitchen equipment it is imperative to look for high – quality products that are at the same time affordable. In this aspect it is recommended to choose items of optimal quality that are available at good prices. Do not forget that in case of kitchen it is advised to buy furniture sets for the sake of making it easier to keep the unity of style. A good solution is to buy in large stores or during sales that happen from time to time.